Macau Diocesan Social Communication Centre
澳門教區社會傳播中心 Centro Diocesano das Meios de Comunicação Social

聖伯多祿  St. Peter

 

 

時代:第一世紀 (於公元六十七年致命)

地區:在羅馬福傳及殉道

職務:耶穌召選的宗徒

類別:宗徒

慶日:二月二十二日(建立聖伯多祿宗座)

           六月二十九日(聖伯多祿及聖保祿)

 

 

祈禱:

全能的天主,伯多祿宣認祢的聖子為默西亞;祢以他所宣認的信仰作磐石,建立教會。求祢保護我們的信仰,使我們在任何干擾與打擊下,決不動搖,穩立在宗徒傳下來的信仰中。因祢的聖子、我們的主耶穌基督,祂和祢及聖神,是唯一天主,永生永王。 亞孟。

 

聖言選讀:

伯前 5:1-4 (我這同為長老的,為基督的苦難作證。)

詠 23 (上主是我的牧者,我實在一無所缺。)

瑪 16:13-19 (你是伯多祿,我要把天國的鑰匙交給你。)

 

事蹟:

伯多祿(原名西滿),原是一位漁夫,他的兄弟是安德肋,是他引領伯多祿與主耶穌相遇(若1:35-42),他們同樣回應耶穌的召叫成為宗徒,成為「捕人的漁夫」(路5:1-11)。他宣認耶穌是「默西亞,永生天主之子」後,耶穌稱他為「伯多祿(意思是磐石)」,並聲言要在這磐石上建立教會,還把「天國的鑰匙」交給他(瑪16:13-19)。

 

在福音的記載中,伯多祿的名字常被列於其他宗徒的名字之首;在一些特別的時刻(顯聖容、山園祈禱......),耶穌只在十二宗徒中揀選數位相伴,其中一位是伯多祿。

當耶穌被捕受審時,伯多祿曾三次否認耶穌,但他認清自己的過失時,痛哭悔過。耶穌從死中復活後,將自己的羊交給伯多祿照顧。(若21:15-17)

 

在公元六十七年於羅馬被釘十字架殉道致命。

 In the time immediately after the Ascension, Peter stood as the unquestionable head of the Apostles, his position made evident in the Acts. He appointed the replacement of Judas Iscariot; he spoke first to the crowds that had assembled after the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost; he was the first Apostle to perform miracles in the name of the Lord; and he rendered judgment upon the deceitful Ananias and Sapphira. Peter was instrumental in bringing the Gospel to the Gentiles. He baptized the Roman pagan Cornelius, and at the Council of Jerusalem  he gave his support to preaching to Gentiles, thereby permitting the new Church to become universal. Imprisoned by King Herod Agrippa, he was aided in an escape by an angel. He then resumed his apostolate in Jerusalem and his missionary efforts included travels to such cities of the pagan world as Antioch, Corinth, and eventually Rome. He made reference to the Eternal City in his first Epistle by noting that he writes from Babylon . It is certain that Peter died in Rome and that his martyrdom came during the reign of Emperor Nero, probably in 64. Testimony of his martyrdom is extensive, including Origen, Eusebius of Caesarea, St. Clement I of Rome, St. Ignatius, and St. Irenaeus. According to rich tradition, Peter was crucified on the Vatican Hill upside down because he declared himself unworthy to die in the same manner as the Lord. He was then buried on Vatican Hill, and excavations under St. Peter Basilica have unearthed his probable tomb, and his relics are now enshrined under the high altar of St. Peter.

 

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